Membership to the CCJB is mandated by the Code of Virginia in accordance with 9.1-178 which states that each county or city or combination thereof developing and establishing a local community based probation program pursuant to the provision of this article shall establish a community criminal justice board.
Each county and city participating in a local community based probation program shall be represented on the community criminal justice board. In the event that one county or city appropriates funds to the Agency as part of a multi-jurisdictional effort, any other participating county or city shall be considered to be participating in a program if such locality appropriates funds to the Agency.
Each local governing body shall make appointments to the board. In cases of multi-jurisdictional participation, the local governing body of each participating city or county shall have an equal number of appointments, unless otherwise agreed upon. Boards shall be composed of the number of members established by resolution or ordinance of each participating jurisdiction.
Each board shall include, at a minimum, the following mandatory members: a person appointed by each local governing body to represent the governing body; a general district court judge, a circuit court judge, a juvenile and domestic relations court judge; a chief magistrate; a chief of police or sheriff in a jurisdiction not served by a police Department to represent local law enforcement; an attorney for the commonwealth, a public defender or an attorney who is experienced in the defense of criminal matters; a sheriff or the regional jail administrator responsible for jails servicing those jurisdictions involved in the local pretrial services and community based probation program; a local educator; and a community services board administrator.
Members may not be employed by, operate, or sit on boards of Directors of any private program, program, or service organization compensated by the locality to provide direct offender services and supervision. Members may not be employed by public agencies established under the authority of the Comprehensive Community Corrections or Pretrial Services Acts.
Judicial membership of these boards is mandated by the Code of Virginia and is considered to be essential for improvement in the operation of the local criminal justice system. Therefore, DCJS advises that the CCJB function as an advisory and policy board and does not participate in the direct operation of local programs, which would create a conflict for judges.